Are 12-Step Addiction Treatment Services Reliable?

There has been no shortage of news stories about Colorado’s felony DUI law. Is it productive? Does it serve as a deterrent to repeat DUI offenders? Are sentencing guidelines fair? State lawmakers are even considering enacting mandatory minimums for felony DUI offenders convicted of their fourth or subsequent lifetime DUI. However, critics of mandatory sentencing believe it fails to address the real problem: alcohol and other drug-related addictions. With such focus on the possibility of using treatment programs to curb repeat drunk driving offenses, especially considering the increase in opioid addiction around the country, some people question the effectiveness of treatment options like 12-step recovery programs in helping individuals struggling with addiction.

12-Step Critics’ Claims

Last year, the Hazelden Betty Ford Foundation answered the question of whether or not there was a success rate for 12-step programs by referring to a 1992 survey of program participants that indicated the following:

 

  • 35% of 12-step program participants in the United States and Canada were sober for more than five years;
  • 34% were sober for between one and five years; and
  • 31% were sober for less than one year.

 

In theory, this represents all members of the program the survey targeted. However, critics claim that the numbers do not reflect individuals that drop out of the program within the first year and does not identify how many individuals sober for under one year had relapsed to that point.

An often-cited 2014 article from The Atlantic looked at numerous 12-step programs that are aimed at treating everything from alcohol addiction to social anxiety disorder. The article points out that most of these programs do not keep official membership records because it threatens the anonymity of participation, which can be a benefit of participating in these types of rehabilitation programs as opposed to residential options that require patient registration. However, it estimates that the most common alcohol treatment programs have over a million members attending regular meetings. More recent numbers of those remaining sober in the program are slightly lower than those reported in 1992, but still claim a high rate of success.

The article, however, points out that statistics only reflect the one out of every 15 people who enters such programs and remains in them over time. This makes the success rates of these 12-step programs fall somewhere between 5% and 10%. In fact, the article points to data that seems to say that only 10% of those who attend meetings continue to do so 90 days after the initial meeting. Whether or not these individuals return to substance abuse is unknown, but it does call into question the ultimate success of these 12-step treatment programs. Experts suggest that working with multiple addiction treatment options can increase the rate of success.

Legal Assistance with DUI-Related Charges

At the end of the day, effective treatment programs depend on the individual. What works for one person may not work for another, and it is important to have a variety of treatment options available for individuals struggling with addiction. However, if you are facing charges for alcohol or drug-related driving offenses, it is important to work with an experienced legal team that focuses their work on clients facing similar charges. This is especially true for repeat offenders, including those potentially facing a felony DUI conviction. If you are facing these types of serious DUI charges, contact the criminal defense team at Tiftickjian Law Firm to schedule a consultation where you can learn more about the charges you are facing as well as what options might be available for use in your defense.

Disclaimer: The Tiftickjian Law Firm neither endorses nor opposes any treatment programs aimed at fighting addiction. We recognize that addiction is a serious condition and encourage all those struggling with addiction to work with medical professionals to determine treatment methods appropriate for each individual. For further information on coping with addiction or about addiction treatment programs in your area, please call the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration National Helpline at 1-800-662-HELP (4357).

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In-Car Technology and DUI Prevention

In today’s world, technology seems to be a driving force behind almost every aspect of our lives. Whether it is having online purchases delivered by drone or allowing a vehicle to parallel park itself, there is no denying that technology is pervasive. There are numerous technological advances that are aimed at making roads safer by preventing drunk driving, as well. Some of these include personal breathalyzers, mobile apps to help determine a person’s level of intoxication, and even cars that incorporate alcohol detection technology to prevent drunk driving.

In-Car Technology

In-car technology includes the use of ignition interlock devices. Some companies and car manufacturers are working together to make sure that these devices are not just for individuals convicted of a drunk driving offense, but also available as an option in new cars. When these devices sense alcohol, they stop the vehicle from starting and prevent a person from driving while under the influence.

There is also technology being developed that uses lasers to determine the amount of alcohol in a person’s blood. These devices shine an infrared light into a person’s fingertips to detect blood alcohol concentration and would also prevent a vehicle from starting if the driver was found to be under the influence of alcohol.

Some car companies are also working on developing vehicles with multifaceted abilities to detect drunk driving before it happens and even take measures to address it while an individual is operating a vehicle. One car company is developing a transmission system that includes a gear shift handle that detects the amount of alcohol present in a driver’s hand perspiration. If the car detects a level of alcohol that makes driving unsafe, it would take control of the vehicle away from the driver. The concept would also include a camera that detects a person’s level of awareness by measuring factors like eye blinking to determine the driver’s level of alertness. If a driver begins to nod off, the vehicle will send an audio message to the driver to wake him or her up and, if unsuccessful, may then even be able to make a seatbelt tighter to alert a driver to bring their attention back to the road.

Legal Assistance with Colorado DUIs

It is important to remember that as advanced as technology may be, it can still be faulty. New technologies are intended to give you an idea of how intoxicated you might be, but not necessarily to demonstrate your ability to drive. The only way to prevent a drunk driving citation is not to drink and drive. However, if you have made the mistake of driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, then it is important to work with an experienced criminal defense attorney that has focused their practice on working with clients facing similar charges. Contact the criminal defense team at Tiftickjian Law Firm to schedule a consultation about your charges and find out what the next steps might entail for you.

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Five Things Not to Do at a DUI Checkpoint

DUI checkpoints are a contentious issue in almost every state. However, whether we like them or not, they are generally considered to be legal. As such, an individual must comply with these checkpoints whenever he or she comes upon them. While there are certainly ways to comply with checkpoints and related procedures that push the boundaries of what is and is not legal, the following are some helpful suggestions about how to behave at a DUI checkpoint to avoid unnecessary difficulty.

1. Do Not Behave Aggressively or Erratically

Generally, DUI checkpoints are pretty routine. Officers may be on the lookout for drivers operating under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs, but they typically don not expect dangerous or contentious encounters. Behaving aggressively or erratically can put officers on heightened alert. Avoid yelling, taking an aggressive tone, or unnecessarily quick movements at the checkpoint to help avoid unwanted attention. Additionally, make sure you are paying attention and avoid sudden stops, excessively slow driving, or other unnecessary movements while approaching or leaving a checkpoint.

2. Do Not Expose Weapons

It may be perfectly legal for you to carry a weapon in your vehicle. However, a DUI checkpoint is not the place to test the limits of your Second Amendment rights. Keep your gun and/or any other potential weapons or prohibited items out of site so that you do not give officers a reason to suspect you may have such items illegally.

3. Keep Your Rights to Yourself

Yes, you do have rights – even at a DUI checkpoint. However, you are not likely to be successful in defending them late at night on the side of the road. If law enforcement officials violate your rights or seem to disregard them, it is rarely fruitful for you to argue with them about it on the spot. Your rights are important, and an experienced criminal defense attorney can help make sure they are protected.

4. Watch What You Say

Much like arguing about your rights is not likely to get you very far at a DUI checkpoint, neither is being disrespectful to officers. If you are rude to officers, it is possible that you can be arrested and charged with obstruction of justice. Ultimately the charge may not hold up, but it is an avoidable situation that is likely to cause you more of a headache than simply proceeding through the checkpoint in a reasonable manner.

5. No Alcohol Containers

Make sure you do not have any alcoholic beverage containers in your car, full or empty. This is a good rule of thumb at any point in time, as even if you were not consuming them, having them present in your vehicle can give an officer probable cause to request to perform a field sobriety test on you.

Legal Assistance with DUI Charges

No matter how careful you think you are, drinking and driving can bring serious consequences if you are charged with a DUI and convicted. This is especially true for repeat offenders, and even one drink can put you over the limit depending on the circumstances. Facing th ese charges can be intimidating, but with an experienced Colorado criminal defense attorney that focuses their work on defending clients facing similar charges, you do not have to face them alone. Contact the criminal defense team at Tiftickjian Law Firm to schedule a consultation about a DUI or related charge. You will be able to find out more information about the charges you are facing, the potential consequences of conviction, and what options might be available to you in defending against the charge based on your individual circumstances.

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False Arrests: Diabetes, Hypoglycemia, and DUIs

Unfortunately, diabetes affects many Coloradans that must live with the condition daily. Diabetes can affect more than your lifestyle choices, and can result in a person who suffers from diabetes being falsely arrested for a DUI. While being diabetic might seem markedly different from being under the influence of alcohol, law enforcement officials can and do sometimes mistake the two for being similar.

Hypoglycemic Episodes

Diabetics, and even those that are not diabetic, can experience a condition known as hypoglycemia. The Mayo Clinic describes hypoglycemia as occurring when your body’s blood sugar levels fall too low. While an all-too-common side effect of some medications used to treat diabetes, the condition can also befall individuals that are taking other medications, whose bodies overproduce insulin, who suffer from certain hormone deficiencies, and/or who suffer from other forms of chronic illness. When an individual experiences hypoglycemia, they may exhibit common symptoms of intoxication that include:

 

  • Slurred speech;
  • Impaired coordination;
  • Trouble maintaining balance;
  • General disorientation, among others.

 

Since people suspected of driving drunk are typically requested to perform several standardized field sobriety tests, exhibiting these types of symptoms can give law enforcement officials probable cause to believe a person may have been operating a vehicle under the influence of alcohol because they can impair a person’s ability to successfully complete these subjective tests. Law enforcement officials are supposed to inquire as to whether an individual has any medical conditions that could impair his or her ability to successfully perform these tests, but being pulled over can often catch people off-guard or some police officers may omit the question. For diabetics and others facing roadside sobriety testing, it is helpful to remember that you are not required to perform these tests.

Hypoglycemia and Ketoacidosis

Another popular method for roadside sobriety testing includes the personal breathalyzer test, or PBT. A PBT device measures the amount of alcohol on a person’s breath as the levels present in the breath usually correlate to the amount of alcohol present in the bloodstream. However, hypoglycemia can lead to the development of ketoacidosis, a condition in which acetone can be generated in the mouth. Acetone can cause your breath to smell like alcohol, and is also in the family of chemicals that PBT machines are designed to detect. When a person experiences hypoglycemia that results in the production of acetone, not only can officers potentially smell an odor like alcohol on the person’s breath but a PBT can also register a false elevated reading that results in arrest. Diabetics that are pulled over under suspicion of driving under the influence, as well as anyone facing this situation, should remember that they are not required to perform a PBT and that refusing to do so will not result in an automatic suspension of one’s license.

Legal Assistance

If you are a diabetic that has been falsely charged with driving under the influence either because you had not been drinking or because probable cause for an arrest was not established, it is important to work with an experienced Colorado criminal defense attorney during the DUI process to ensure your rights are protected. Contact the criminal defense team at Tiftickjian Law Firm to schedule a consultation where you can discuss the circumstances surrounding your charges and what options might be available to you in your defense.

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Mobile Apps Tackle Drunk Driving

With the advent of car services like Lyft and Uber, it has become much easier to make sure that driving drunk is not a choice you have to face. However, many people still make the mistake of getting behind the wheel after drinking, which can result in serious consequences. Court fees, attorneys’ fees, fines, and other financial costs related to a DUI conviction can far outweigh the cost of using one of these car services. While there has been some debate over whether or not these car services have had an impact on the number of people driving drunk, they are definitely beneficial when you have had one too many, since even one drink can put you over the legal limit. In addition to these common car services, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (“NHTSA”) and the Colorado Department of Transportation have created apps for smartphones that can help individuals make safer driving choices after drinking.

SaferRide

The SaferRide mobile app from the NHTSA was designed to help people that have been drinking find a safe ride home and avoid the consequences of a DUI. Designed with simplicity in mind, the app has three options for users:

 

  • Get Taxi;
  • Call Friend;
  • Where Am I?

 

The app lets users pinpoint their exact location so that they can more easily relay that information to their choice for a safe ride home. They can use the app to call a taxi from a list of taxi providers in their area. They can also preprogram a contact that they can call through the app to arrange for a safe ride home. The app is meant to keep things as safe as possible because, as the app states, too drunk to drive means an individual might also be too drunk to use a complicated mobile app. SaferRide is available on iTunes and Google Play

R-U-Buzzed

CDOT has created the R-U-Buzzed mobile app to help Coloradans make safer choices when it comes to drinking and driving. This app allows users to input information such as their gender, weight, and numbers of drinks consumed within a time period. The app estimates the user’s possible blood alcohol concentration based on this information and even provides a “Back to Zero” estimate that helps users approximate when they will be completely sober and able to safely drive again. The app also provides a “Need a Ride” feature that allows users to connect with popular ride-hailing services including Uber and Lyft. For Coloradans who are new to ride-hailing services like Uber and Lyft, the Colorado Department of Transportation offers promotional codes that will give new riders up to $20 off their first ride.

Legal Assistance

Facing DUI or related charges can be intimidating, but you do not need to face them alone. It is important to work with an experienced criminal defense attorney who will ensure your rights are protected throughout the legal process associated with drunk driving charges. Contact the criminal defense team at Tiftickjian Law Firm to schedule a consultation where you can find out more information about the charges you are facing as well as what options might be available to you in your defense.

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Common DUI-Related Terms and Definitions

Facing DUI charges can be extremely intimidating. Working with an experienced criminal defense attorney can help make the process easier for you, but it is also important that you have an understanding of the legal terms that often accompany the legal process associated with a DUI charge. Understanding these terms can help you ensure that your rights are protected and make the process easier for you to understand.

BAC

This stands for blood alcohol concentration or blood alcohol content. It is the measurement of how much alcohol is present in your bloodstream. BAC can be measured through blood, urine, and/or breath testing. Testing above the legally established limit, which in Colorado is 0.08%, means a person is legally drunk.

Breathalyzer

This term typically refers to a portable breath testing machine that police use to establish probable cause in alcohol-related cases. Generally, the devices are used during roadside sobriety testing. You have the right to refuse to perform a portable breath test without fear of losing your license because of implied consent laws.

Chemical Testing

Chemical testing is used to establish a person’s BAC. It can refer to breath testing, urinalysis, or blood analysis. Any of these tests can determine if a person’s BAC is above the legal limit. However, urinalysis or blood analysis is required if drug use is suspected.

DUI

This is a charge for driving under the influence. In Colorado, as in most other states, you can be charged with a DUI if your BAC is above 0.08%.

DWAI

This is a charge for driving while ability impaired. In Colorado, as in most other states, you can receive this charge if your BAC measures above 0.05%.

FST

This stands for field sobriety test. Also known as standardized field sobriety tests, these include a series of physical and mental coordination tests that are meant to help gauge whether or not a person is intoxicated. These tests are usually highly subjective and an individual can refuse to perform them without risk of automatic suspension of their driver’s license.

Ignition Interlock Device

This is a device that is installed in your car which will prevent the vehicle from starting if it detects elevated BAC in the driver.

Implied Consent

Implied consent refers to laws where, by obtaining a driver’s license, you have consented to testing of your blood alcohol concentration. Refusal of chemical testing to establish your BAC usually results in automatic suspension of your driver’s license.

Miranda Rights

This term refers to the formal description of your rights before being questioned by police while in custody. Generally, these rights are not applicable to alcohol-related offenses because police questioning typically occurs before a person is placed under arrest. Keep in mind that you do not have to answer police questions about whether or not you have been drinking even if police officers do not inform you of the right to refuse to answer.

Criminal Legal Defense

Alcohol-related charges are criminal offenses. They can either be a misdemeanor or a felony depending on how many prior similar offenses you have. Facing these charges can be intimidating, which is why you should consult with an experienced Colorado DUI attorney. Contact the criminal defense team at Tiftickjian Law Firm to schedule a consultation where you can find out more about the charges you are facing as well as what options might be available to you in your defense.

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Colorado Legislators Prepare for Possible Marijuana Crackdown

Recently, we wrote about a potential change in federal marijuana enforcement measures. During the previous federal administration, the United States Department of Justice declined to enforce federal marijuana regulations in states that had passed recreational use measures. In the last election, several other states joined Colorado in allowing recreational marijuana use. However, the election also saw a change in the federal administration charged with making decisions about drug enforcement policies. This change could spell trouble for states like Colorado that have legalized recreational use and have come to depend on the income generated by such use. According to an article from PBS, Colorado lawmakers are considering preemptive legislation that could safeguard the state’s recreational marijuana industry from the potential of a federal crackdown.

Proposed Legislation

As reported by CNN, the White House Press Secretary announced in February that states are likely to see greater enforcement of federal marijuana regulations. As the federal government has chosen not to reschedule marijuana, this means that the federal government could choose to enforce federal law under which recreational marijuana is illegal. In anticipation of that, state lawmakers are considering legislation that will allow licensed recreational marijuana growers to immediately become medical licensees as federal officials have indicated they recognize a difference between the two industries.

While being hailed as a possible exit strategy for growers by supporters of the bill, opponents say it does not address the huge impact a change in growing policies will have on tax revenue and things like education that benefit from such revenue. The proposed measure will not necessarily safeguard recreational use or sales of marijuana, but it can help recreational marijuana growers protect their investment should federal authorities decide to start seizing recreational marijuana stock. The PBS article notes that the most recent data shows that more than half of the marijuana plants growing in Colorado are for recreational use purposes, so protecting those plants could help growers stay in business.

However, there is no way to tell exactly how the industry would be impacted by a change in federal enforcement guidelines, especially since the federal government has not provided a framework for any potential changes to its recreational marijuana enforcement policies. Other states are considering similar preemptive legislation that includes shielding the names and contact information of recreational marijuana customers, prohibiting state and local law enforcement from cooperating with federal authorities in investigating marijuana operations legally allowed under state law, and even working to block federal action on recreational marijuana in the United States Congress.

Legal Assistance with Marijuana Charges

While recreational use is legal in Colorado, it is still governed by strict state laws. Running afoul of those laws can result in severe consequences. It is important to stay abreast of developments in Colorado and federal drug enforcement policies to avoid these consequences. However, if you are facing marijuana or other drug-related charges it is important to work with a Colorado criminal defense attorney that focuses their work on helping clients facing similar charges. Contact the criminal defense team at Tiftickjian Law Firm to schedule a consultation where you can find out more information about the charges you are facing as well as what options might be available to you in your defense.

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Understanding Your Rights During a DUI Stop

Most people know that driving a vehicle under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs is against the law and can have serious consequences. However, it is important to know what to expect during a traffic stop if you are suspected of driving under the influence. Whether you are driving under the influence or not, understanding the process of a traffic stop if you are suspected of driving under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs is an important part of protecting your rights during and after the stop.

You are Not Initially Under Arrest

When you are initially stopped by law enforcement officials for suspected DUI, you are not technically under arrest. While you are not free to leave, you are also not in custody, and because of this distinction, law enforcement officials do not need to read you your Miranda rights. However, law enforcement officers need to have reasonable suspicion that you have committed a crime to detain you. This could be based on erratic driving or even a broken taillight that you may not have noticed. Without reasonable suspicion for the initial stop, it is possible that your lawyer can argue that the stop was unlawful. This is one tactic that might be able to be employed in your defense, depending on your circumstances.

Initial Questioning and Field Sobriety Tests

Likely, the officer will begin to question you about whether or not you have been drinking. You can refuse to answer this question, but you must provide any documentation a law enforcement officer requests such as your driver’s license and/or vehicle registration. Regardless of your answer, if an officer suspects that you might be operating a vehicle under the influence, then they will probably ask you to step out of the vehicle so that you can perform field sobriety testing. You can, and often should, refuse to perform these field sobriety tests by stating that the tests are unreliable indicators of being under the influence.

Personal Breath Tests

At this point, an officer may request that you perform a field breath test. If the officer is using a handheld breath testing device, you can refuse to take this test unless you are under 21 years of age. This is not the same as refusing actual chemical testing in the form of a blood test or from a true breath analysis machine, which you must comply with. The results of this field breath test are not actually admissible in court, nor is your refusal to take the test, and results are used solely to help an officer establish probable cause that you have been operating a vehicle under the influence. If you refuse to take the personal field breath test, you should state that you do not believe you are required to do so by law.

Do Not Argue

Whether you have been drinking or using some other substance or not, it is in your best interests to cooperate with law enforcement officials during a DUI traffic stop. Even if you notice law enforcement officials doing something you believe may be in violation of your rights, it is not an ideal time to point this out to them unless you are specifically asserting your rights. Arguing can help police establish probable cause or even include additional charges if they issue you a citation. Instead, be polite and respectful in your responses while staying alert and aware of everything happening during the traffic stop and any subsequent related activities, including detention. Make sure to report any irregularities to your lawyer.

Legal Assistance

Following the above recommendations and understanding your rights can help strengthen your defense if you are charged with a DUI. If you are facing a DUI or other alcohol-related traffic offense, working with a Colorado criminal defense attorney that focuses his or her practice on working with clients facing similar charges can help you prepare a strong defense based on your circumstances. If you are facing these types of intimidating charges, contact the criminal defense team at Tiftickjian Law Firm to schedule a consultation where you can find out more about your charges as well as how you might be able to defend against them.

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Potential Consequences of Colorado DUI Conviction

Most people are aware of the typical consequences of a DUI conviction that often include the loss of one’s license, an increase in the cost of car insurance, and increasingly large fines. While there are some universal consequences related to a Colorado DUI, there are also some serious unintended consequences that can accompany a DUI conviction. These include:

Loss of Car Insurance

While your rates are almost guaranteed to go up upon being convicted of a DUI, it is possible that you may lose your car insurance altogether. Most of the time, you will be able to get insurance from another carrier, but a DUI conviction can almost double the amount you pay for car insurance.

Increased Health and Home Insurance Rates

It is possible to see an increase in health and home insurance rates after a DUI conviction. While they probably will not be as noticeable as the increase in car insurance premiums, insurance companies can still raise these rates because of a DUI conviction.

Suspension or Revocation of Professional License

If you hold a professional license, such as that for a lawyer or a nurse, a DUI conviction can put that license in jeopardy. The agencies governing professional licenses likely have rules that allow them to suspend or revoke a professional license because of a DUI conviction, especially if the conviction is part of a pattern of poor behavior.

Loss of Job

Your employer can fire you for a DUI conviction. This is especially common in situations in which employers assert their right to fire individuals over any criminal offenses. As an “at-will employment” state, Colorado employers have the right to dismiss an employee for a number of reasons that may include a DUI conviction. Even if your employer does not specifically have a policy that allows him or her to dismiss you for a DUI or other criminal offense, the amount of time you will need to take off for court-related appearances and other incidental appointments related to your DUI conviction can put your job at risk.

Felony DUI Consequences

In Colorado, your fourth or subsequent DUI conviction is now considered a felony offense. You must report felonies on many job applications, and those requiring a background check will reveal the conviction. This could jeopardize your professional career both in Colorado and elsewhere. You may also be denied access to a firearm and be prohibited from enjoying other rights that are restricted for those with felony convictions.

Legal Assistance with Colorado DUI

As you can see, there are many potential consequences related to a DUI conviction. However, there are also many potential options available to aid you in your defense. An experienced Colorado criminal attorney focused on helping clients facing DUI and other alcohol-related charges can be an important component of successfully defending against these types of charges, and in turn avoiding potentially serious unintended consequences like those listed above. If you are facing a DUI or other alcohol-related offense, contact the criminal defense team at Tiftickjian Law Firm to schedule a consultation and find out more about what these charges could mean for you and how you might be able to defend against them.

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Colorado House Approves Efforts to Limit Marijuana Plants

Recreational marijuana use has been a hot topic in local and national news since Colorado voters legalized its recreational use with Amendment 64 in 2012. There has been no shortage of critics of legalization, nor has there been a dip in support. In fact, recent polls indicate Colorado voters have little regret over their decision to legalize recreational use, and, with the most recent election cycle, several other states have joined in legalizing recreational marijuana use. While the current federal government administration has done little to indicate how it will proceed with legalized recreational marijuana, other states where recreational use is not legal have also entered the fray by challenging legalized recreational measures citing criminal activity resulting from it. According to an article in the Denver Post, the Colorado House also cited criminal activity when it recently approved measures to limit private marijuana growth across the state.

Proposed New Limits

Currently, medical marijuana patients and caregivers can grow up to 99 plants that some law enforcement officials say is a loophole able to be exploited by international crime rings. They claim that people from other states and countries can come into Colorado and exploit the law to create legal marijuana growing operations that produce marijuana to be sold illegally. The proposed law would set a statewide limit of 16 plants per home, which is a significant reduction in the number of plants allowed. The proposed law would also allow local governments to impose stricter limits on marijuana growth and sales, which many locations already do. For instance, Denver has limited growth to 12 plants per home. The proposed law would allow licensed medical marijuana caregivers to continue to grow more than 16 plants, but anything in excess of the 16-plant limit would need to be grown in areas zoned for commercial marijuana growth. Before an amendment to make the plant cap 16, the original proposed legislation would have only allowed 12 plants per home.

The measure passed with bipartisan support, but some legislators that voted against the measure indicated that they did so over concerns that they are taking too broad of an action that may have little impact on the organized crime industry while critically affecting medical marijuana users’ access to marijuana. These proposed legislative changes would still need to be approved by the Colorado Senate and signed into law by the governor before taking effect.

Legal Assistance with Marijuana-Related Charges

While recreational marijuana is legal in Colorado, it is still governed by strict state and local laws that you must abide by. If you have been charged with violating these laws, it is important to work with an experienced Colorado criminal defense attorney to defend against them. A conviction for violating these laws can have severe consequences, including hefty fines and potentially lengthy jail time. If you have been charged with marijuana-related drug crimes, or other drug crimes, contact the criminal defense team at Tiftickjian Law Firm to schedule a consultation and find out more information about what options might be available to you in your defense.

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